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More and more often we receive questions about sustainability, environmental friendliness and biodegradable packaging. We have noticed that confusion exists regarding the meaning of these terms, and have tried to provide more clarity on this page. Below you will find the terms that are related to our second spearhead: the use of biobased and biodegradable raw materials.


Material composed of biomass from a living source that can be continuously renewed. Renewable raw materials are (almost) inexhaustible raw materials, which can be replenished in a short period of time. In any case, this stock must be renewed as quickly as it was consumed (such as wood, hemp, cotton, rice).


The term biobased refers to the origin of the material. Biobased refers to materials made from renewable raw materials. Examples of renewable raw materials are: wood, corn, sugar beet, potato, sugar cane. Our products may be fully or partially biobased. Biobased plastics have the advantage over fossilbased plastics that we become less dependent on fossilbased raw materials. And there are LCA's that show that biobased plastics offer a significant CO2 reduction compared to fossilbased plastics (EUBP Facts and figures).


These are materials that are made from petroleum (currently 98%).

Virgin fossil plastic

Plastics that originate directly from petrochemical raw materials such as petroleum and have not previously been used or processed.


Bioplastic is a whole group of plastics with different properties and applications. According to European Bioplastics, a plastic is called a bioplastic if it is biobased, biodegradable or has both properties.


The materials in this packaging can be broken down by microorganisms in industrial composting plants. This means that at least 90% of the material must have broken down within 6 weeks. The packaging is therefore certified in accordance with the European standards for composting (EN 13432).

Biodegradable / Degradable

These are materials that can be broken down by microorganisms (bacteria or fungi). There is no specific time or environment defined for this type of plastic.


Biomass is a collective term for organic materials (vegetable and animal residues). These materials are used to generate energy or are directly used as biofuel.

Circular economy

In a circular economy, waste no longer exists. This is because products are designed more efficiently and materials are reused as much as possible. In a circular economy, therefore, we are moving away from the line of 'producing, consuming and then throwing away'. We complete the circle. In this way, we save not only our raw materials but also the environment, reduce our CO2 emissions and stimulate innovation. National Circular Economy Programme


Publications of studies, fact sheets and policy documents relating to the use of biobased and biodegradable raw materials can be found here. The studies have been carried out by reputable parties, have an international character and, as far as possible, have been scientifically substantiated.

No rights can be derived from the publications and content.

Bio-based and biodegradable plastics - Facts and Figure

This report presents an overview of facts and figures regarding bio-based and/or biodegradable plastics, in particular for packaging applications. Often, the term bioplastic is used by the public. However, the term ‘bioplastic’ refers to either the bio-based origin ...

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Misconceptions, concerns and impacts on marine environments

The objective of this briefing paper is to provide a concise summary of some of the key issues surrounding the biodegradability of plastics in the oceans, and whether the adoption of biodegradable plastics will reduce the impact of marine plastics overall ...

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Bio-based and biodegradable Plastics

It is important to understand that bio-based plastics are not biodegradable per se (e.g. bio-based polyethylene, bio-PET, bio-PVC, cellulose acetate) and that biodegradable plastics are not necessarily bio- based, but can also be fossil-based ...

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